Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body’s insulin receptors are not as receptive to the hormone insulin, causing the pancreas to produce more insulin in order for the body to appropriately convert blood glucose to energy. Though some of the factors involved are known, the exact causes of insulin resistance are not known. As such, the effect of insulin resistance on other body processes versus simultaneous pathological processes is not entirely clear. However, some conditions are associated with insulin resistance and share hormone signals, including sex hormones, inflammatory cytokines, and growth hormones. Read more about hormones affected by insulin resistance.