What causes C-diff infection?

Source: Serenity, Wikimedia
Yesterday I told you what C. diff is and gave you a link to information on the symptoms and treatment, but what causes an infection?

Clostridium difficile takes advantage of a void in the intestinal flora to grow and cause illness. Long-term antibiotic therapy and exposure to health care settings are risk factors for infection with this bacteria. However, exposure to the pathogen is by fecal contamination - meaning that proper hygiene and sanitation practices can minimize, and often eliminate, risk of infection.

Read more on the causes of C. diff infection.

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